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DNA Test: Understand how paternity tests are done

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What is DNA testing? The DNA test is basically the reading of a person’s genes. Know what their structure is, on which chromosomes they are located, whether they are modified or damaged. This testing is also called genetic mapping. If you want to do this test, you can contact various online DNA testing services such as Hot5.

How is the DNA test done?

It is necessary to collect samples of some body fluid which can be blood, saliva, nails, hair strands or sperm. Using sophisticated laboratory techniques, the DNA of the samples is isolated and then the mapping is done, which is done by equipment called “DNA sequencers“.

The first sequenators took months to do the genetic mapping and the cost was thousands of dollars. But things are changing in this area. The newest DNA sequencer of the moment, the NGS (Next Generation Sequencing), is able to map the human genome of dozens of people at once, with an absolutely accurate result. The delivery time of the result is less and less: certain DNA readings by NGS technology can be performed in less than 24 hours.

Paternity tests

In paternity tests, the test is performed with DNA samples from the child, the mother and the alleged father. It is also possible to perform the paternity test on the still pregnant woman in two ways: noninvasive tests and invasive tests. Already the invasive test can get more details about the baby, checking for hereditary and genetic diseases that he may have.


How long does it take to get the result out?

It all depends on what is being analyzed in the DNA test. Sequencing of all DNA, such as done in paternity tests, can take up to 2 weeks. Tests that look for specific DNA changes may take up to less than 24 hours.


Care before DNA testing

No special preparation is required prior to sample collection for DNA testing. In the case of pregnant women, it must be a pregnancy of at least 10 weeks (in the case of the non-invasive test) for the result to be accurate. The collected material must be packed in an appropriate kit that the laboratory offers for this purpose. The sample should be stored at room temperature and sent to the laboratory with a record filled with the patient’s data and the respective informed consent form.


Factors that alter the DNA test result

Because a person’s DNA is unique, it can’t be altered by drugs, alcohol, drugs, food, age, or lifestyle, not even by surgical procedures. However, if the patient has already had a blood transfusion, this should be reported to the laboratory.


Possible DNA test results

Normally a DNA test report will show which genes and chromosomes have been studied and the geneticist’s analysis of them. The results are presented in clear and simple reports. In examinations to define paternity the result is always comparative. Half of the baby’s DNA comes from the mother and the other half from the biological father. After specifying the DNA’s of the father and the mother, a comparison is made with the baby’s DNA.

It is necessary first to try to exclude paternity with the information obtained in the laboratory, after the characterisation of several regions of the DNA. When four or more discrepancies are verified, the paternity hypothesis is excluded because it is impossible.

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Health

Uterine polyps- causes, symptoms, treatment

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Uterine polyps

What are Uterine polyps?

Uterine polyps are developments appended to the inward mass of the uterus that ventures into the uterus. Uterine polyps, otherwise called endometrial polyps, structure because of cells in the coating of the uterus (endometrium) congesting. These polyps are typically noncancerous (harmless), albeit some can be dangerous or can transform into malignant growth (precancerous polyps).

Uterine polyps range in size from a couple of millimeters no bigger than a sesame seed to a few centimeters — golf-ball-size or bigger. They connect to the uterine wall by a huge base or a slight tail.

There can be one or numerous uterine polyps. They normally stay inside the uterus, yet they can fall through the launch of the uterus (cervix) into the vagina. Uterine polyps are most normal in individuals who are going through or have finished menopause. However, more youthful individuals can get them, as well.

Symptoms of Uterine polyps- 

Signs and side effects of uterine polyps include:

  • Vaginal draining after menopause.
  • Draining between periods.
  • Incessant, eccentric periods whose lengths and weight fluctuate.
  • Exceptionally weighty periods.
  • Barrenness.
  • Certain individuals have just light draining or spotting; others are side effect free.

If you have any of the above symptoms then you may take an appointment at the best IVF centre in Srinagar.

When to see a doctor

Seek medical care if you have:

  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause.
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding.

See the expert at the best ivf clinic in Srinagar.

Causes of Uterine polyps?

Hormonal elements seem to assume a part. Uterine polyps are estrogen-delicate, meaning they fill in light of estrogen in the body.

Risk factors

Risk factors for creating uterine polyps include:

  • Being perimenopausal or postmenopausal.
  • Being large.
  • Taking tamoxifen, a medication treatment for bosom malignant growth.
  • Taking chemical treatment for menopause side effects.

Problems

Uterine polyps may be related to fruitlessness. Assuming that you have uterine polyps and you can’t have kids, the expulsion of the polyps could permit you to become pregnant, yet the information is uncertain.

Diagnosis – 

 

Transvaginal ultrasound.

A slim, wandlike gadget set in the vagina discharges sound waves and makes a picture of the uterus, including its inner parts. A polyp may be obviously present or there may be an area of thickened endometrial tissue.

A connected system-

known as hysterosonography likewise called sonohysterography, includes having salt water (saline) infused into the uterus through a little cylinder put through the vagina and cervix. The saline extends the uterus, which gives a more clear perspective within the uterus during the ultrasound.

Hysteroscopy-

This includes embedding a slight, adaptable, lit telescope (hysteroscope) through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. Hysteroscopy takes into consideration seeing within the uterus.

Endometrial biopsy.-

A pull catheter inside the uterus gathers an example for lab testing. Uterine polyps may be affirmed by an endometrial biopsy, however, the biopsy could likewise miss the polyp.

Most uterine polyps are harmless

This implies that they’re not malignant growth. Yet, a few precancerous changes of the uterus called endometrial hyperplasia, or uterine tumors show up as uterine polyps. A tissue test of the eliminated polyp is dissected for indications of malignant growth.

Treatment-

Vigilant pausing.

Little polyps without side effects could determine all alone. Therapy of little polyps is superfluous for individuals who aren’t in danger of uterine disease.

Medicine. –

Certain hormonal drugs, including progestins and gonadotropin-delivering chemical agonists, may decrease the side effects of the polyp. Be that as it may, taking such drugs is normally a momentary arrangement, best case scenario, — side effects ordinarily repeat once the medication is halted.

Careful removal.-

During hysteroscopy, instruments embedded through the gadget used to see inside the uterus (hysteroscope) make it conceivable to eliminate polyps. The eliminated polyp will probably be shipped off a lab for assessment.

Planning for your arrangement

Your most memorable arrangement will probably accompany your essential consideration supplier or a gynecologist. Have a relative or companion go with you, if conceivable. This can assist you with recalling the data you get.

Make a rundown of the accompanying:

Your side effects, even those you don’t believe are connected, and when they started.

All meds, nutrients, and enhancements you take, including portions.

Inquiries to pose to your supplier.

For uterine polyps, a few essential inquiries to pose include:

What could be causing my side effects?

  • What tests could I want?
  • Are drugs accessible to treat my condition?
  • Under what conditions do you suggest a medical procedure?
  • Might uterine polyps at any point influence my capacity to become pregnant?
  • Will treatment of uterine polyps work on my fruitfulness?
  • Might uterine polyps at any point be carcinogenic?

What to expect from an expert?

A few inquiries your supplier could pose include:

  • How frequently do you have side effects?
  • How serious are your side effects?
  • Does anything appear to work on your side effects?
  • Does anything appear to exacerbate your side effects?
  • Have you been treated for uterine polyps or cervical polyps previously?
  • Have you had fruitfulness issues? Would you like to become pregnant?
  • Does your family have a background marked by bosom, colon, or endometrial disease?

 

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Health

How Are Almonds Beneficial to Your Health?

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How Are Almonds Beneficial to Your Health?

Almonds are not only delicious and nutritious, but they can also help improve your health. Not to mention, they have anti-inflammatory properties that can help you to fight off illnesses, including heart disease. As you might know, eating a diet high in saturated fats can increase your risk for heart disease, so it is essential to eat foods that can help you to stay away from unhealthy fats.

Antioxidants

The antioxidants in almonds can help protect the body against heart disease, cancer, hypertension, and other chronic diseases. They also fight aging by preventing free radicals from damaging cells. Almonds are a good source of vitamin E and phytic acid, both of which have antioxidant properties. You may take Cenforce 100 and Cenforce 200 if you need to get an erection

In addition to their antioxidant benefits, almonds also contain many other nutrients that are important to health. These include monounsaturated fatty acids, fiber, and protein. A single ounce of almonds delivers up to 35% of the recommended daily amount of vitamin E, a vital vitamin that protects vision, strengthens the immune system, and supports cell growth.

Heart health

Those who eat almonds may have a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Studies show that the monounsaturated fat found in almonds is helpful for maintaining healthy blood cholesterol levels and lowering systolic blood pressure.

Researchers have also reported that the high amounts of protein in almonds promote feelings of fullness. It also helps regulate the blood sugar level, thereby preventing type 2 diabetes.

Almonds are a rich source of antioxidants and nutrients. Vitamin E is the most abundant antioxidant found in almonds. This fat-soluble vitamin protects the eyes, skin, and reproductive organs from damage from free radicals. Another antioxidant found in almonds is quercetin. It has been shown to reduce inflammation and has been linked to a decreased risk of cancer.

Brain Health

Almonds are packed with a plethora of antioxidants and nutrients. Not only are they rich in antioxidants and vitamins, but they are also a good source of lean protein, fiber, Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids, copper, and selenium.

Almonds help boost memory, focus, and concentration. They can also decrease the risk of Alzheimer’s, dementia, and cardiovascular diseases. If you have a clinical issue in light of ED, you ought to try Kamagra Oral Jelly.

Almond is packed with Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant. The vitamin helps prevent cell damage, protects against free radicals, and slows the aging process of your brain cells.

Strengthening the immune system

If you want to strengthen your immune system, you should include a variety of healthy foods in your diet. These include vitamin E, zinc, and antioxidants. The antioxidants help protect your cells from free radical damage and improve your immune function. You can also add these nutrients to your diet by eating nuts.

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. A half-cup serving of almonds provides more than the recommended daily intake. This fat-soluble nutrient also helps your body fight off infections. Fildena 120 and Tadalista 20 additionally help in Erectile Dysfunction treatment.

Almonds are also a great source of protein, fiber, calcium, phosphorous, copper, and iron. They are low in calories and fat, making them a delicious snack. Adding them to your favorite salad or yogurt is a delicious way to boost your nutrition.

Preventing overeating of carbs

Almonds are a tasty and healthful way to control your carbohydrate consumption. They contain heart-healthy fats and antioxidants, and a good handful will keep you full and satisfied. Several studies have found that eating almonds on a regular basis can boost your fat metabolism.

In addition to the usual suspects, you can also try avoiding the likes of junk food and processed foods. If you must eat out, opt for a real plate and avoid the plastic stuff. This is a surefire way to keep you on the straight and narrow.

Supporting a healthy metabolism

Almonds can play an important role in supporting a healthy metabolism. This is because almonds are rich in protein, fiber, and monounsaturated fats, all of which can help to promote weight loss. Purchase Fildena 25 and Malegra 25 online at Trustedmedsworld.com

Almonds are also rich in antioxidants, which can help to prevent cell damage. These antioxidants are known to protect against free radicals, which can accelerate aging and increase the risk of chronic disease.

Although there are no scientific studies about the effects of almond consumption on metabolic health in children and adolescents, there are some findings from a controlled experiment. The researchers found that almonds reduced hunger and stimulated energy metabolism.

Preventing late-night cravings

A lot of people have nighttime cravings. The food they eat during the day has a direct impact on the type of foods they crave at night. However, there are some ways to prevent late-night cravings.

If you’re looking for a good way to fight your cravings at night, consider using almonds. This nutty snack is packed with wholesome nutrients. They contain magnesium and tryptophan, which can help relax your muscles and promote restful sleep. Vilitra 20 and Zhewitra 20 are great choices to oversee ED.

Adding a couple of them to a salad can add a nutty flavor. In addition, blending them with protein powder and bananas is a delicious way to satisfy your hunger without too many calories.

 

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Fitness

6 Foods to Reduce Your Risk of Kidney Stone

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kidney stone pain

Your risk of developing a kidney stone increases as you age. The condition is more common as people get older. If you are between 18 and 50, your risk of developing a kidney stone is even higher than that and see near Chughtai lab. This is because your body naturally produces more substances that can lead to kidney stones as you age.

 It is also more common in men than women (about 8 times more). Many things can increase your likelihood of having a kidney stone, including drinking too many fluids, eating particular foods, and being at higher risk based on family history or genetics. To reduce your risk: eat these 6 foods to reduce your risk of kidney stones:

Eggs

Eggs are one of the most interesting foods that you might be wondering about. They are a type of food that can cause kidney stone formation. This is because eggs are a food that is difficult to form a stone. Instead of being formed from the eggs, the stone will be formed from the eggs. 

This is because eggs are a food that is easy to cook and a protein source. This means that they can cause the stone to be formed from the eggs, which is why they are so interesting to eat. In this situation, you can prefer any lab like Chughtai lab test rates or dr essa lab.

Fish and seafood

You’re in luck if you’re looking for a Cooks file-worthy meal. Fish and seafood are one of the world’s most exciting and unique food genres. There are many reasons why seafood is known as “fish,” but a few examples include its simplicity in terms of cooking and its health benefits. 

For example, fish is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, protein, vitamins, and minerals. Additionally, seafood is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, and essential oil for astringent, therapeutic, and anti-inflammatory treatments.

Additionally, seafood is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, protein, and vitamin D. lastly, seafood is also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, calcium, and vitamin B6. All of which are important for maintaining healthy skin health. So whether you’re looking for a light or heavy meal, seafood is always a good choice.

Dark leafy vegetables

Dark leafy vegetables are one of the most interesting and unique foods you can eat. They are small and dark, and Binney’s cornstarch-based diet protects them from kidney stones. What is more, these foods are low in calories and low in fat.

 Additionally, they are a new source of antioxidants and polysaccharides that can protect your body from damage. Dark leafy vegetables are also a new source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. This means that they help keep your body feeling healthy and active. 

Lastly, they are a good source of vitamins and minerals, making them a good energy source. So if you’re looking for food that will keep you healthy and happy, then Chughtai lab Lahore helpful and dark leafy vegetables are worth a try.

Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds are two of the most interesting and unique foods available. They are both associated with black kidney stones, which can cause immense pain and suffering. While it’s not always easy to find food that can help protect yourself from kidney stones, some interesting and unique foods are worth trying. 

The first thing you should try is nuts and seeds. Nuts help protect your kidney stone from developing, and the seeds are also healthy for you. Nuts and seeds are also a source of omega-3 fatty acids, which is beneficial for maintaining a healthy body climate and function. 

Peanuts and sunflower seeds are also effective in treating other kidney stones. So if you’re looking for a delicious and healthy snack, Nuts and Seeds is the place for you!

Fatty foods

We need to be careful about our food when we’re careful. We’re constantly exposed to fatty foods that need to be taken more seriously. It’s time to change that and be more mindful of our food choices. 

With enough education and practice, you can be sure that fatty foods are not the only food that causes kidney stones. It’s time for more mindful eating, leading to better health and happier life.

Condiments and sauces

There’s something wrong with those ketchup bottles you’re selling, or maybe it’s just me. I’ve never found the right one, and I don’t know which one I am. And I don’t care whether or not I buy it; I want ketchup instead of ketchup.

I don’t know what’s going on here. Is someone saying condiments and sauces are important to you? If so, then you’re not alone. They are one of the most popular items on the market and play an important role in different people’s lives. For this reason, I am so excited to see people using them more.

But if you’re not excited about the idea of Condiments and sauces being used more like you are, then you might be uncomfortable with them being there in the first place. You might be thinking, “Who knows, maybe I do, and maybe that’s why they’re called Condiments and sauces,” right? That’s probably why you are. Because they are called that in French, and it’s an expression that means “to add more flavor or color to something.”

Conclusion

The kidneys are the body’s filters, helping to keep blood and urine clean. A stone in the kidney can cause serious health problems, such as:

A kidney stone is a crystallized mineral deposit from the urinary tract that causes pain or discomfort. Stones may be found anywhere in the body but are more commonly located in the kidneys. The stones themselves look like pebbles or sand grains. They can range from tiny spheres to large boulders. 

Some stones are hard enough to chip away at a patient’s renal structures and require dialysis (kidney pump) treatment for more than a few weeks before they can be removed surgically (kidney transplant).

If you suspect you have kidney stones, get them checked out immediately by your doctor. Kidneys can become enlarged because of other health conditions; if there is an underlying medical condition that causes excessive pressure on your kidneys, it could also contribute to your stone formation.

Kidneys that don’t filter properly that is, if they’re not working properly visit Chughtai lab Lahore can lead to infection or inflammation of other organs (e.g., liver) or even death when left untreated.

 

 

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Health

Battling Anxiety? Here Are Some Expert-Approved Tips To Overcome It

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Describing anxiety is extremely difficult as everyone may suffer from it in a different way. It is normal for us to feel anxious from time to time, but when anxiety starts to affect our daily life, then we must deal with it as soon as possible. Unfortunately, women are twice as likely as men to suffer from an anxiety disorder. There are several ways to deal with it, but keep in mind that what worked for others may not work for you. We gathered some tips from the experts on how to overcome anxiety.

Exercising

Exercising seems exhausting and people think it requires a high level of dedication to have any effect. However, for people suffering from anxiety or depression, exercising has been proven to reduce their symptoms. All it takes to have an effect is 2.5 hours of regular exercising per week or 1.5 hours of high-intensity workouts per week. You don’t need to hit the gym, all you need to do is go jogging, take a walk, dance, or do any other physical activity you like for 30 mins 3-5 times a week.

Medications

When someone has an anxiety disorder, the problem can be genetic, and they will need medications to overcome it. However, you should consult with your doctor as some drugs may have undesirable side effects on your body. Some of the medications used to reduce anxiety include beta-blockers, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, benzodiazepines, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and tricyclic antidepressants.

CBD

After legalizing marijuana in several states, many people started discovering its benefits for physical and mental health. The preliminary studies conducted on CBD, a compound in weed, have shown promising results for its effect on reducing anxiety symptoms. If you are not into smoking weed, you can buy pure CBD oil or some edible CBD products which have the same effect. The CBD compound doesn’t give the high effect as that effect comes from the THC compound in weed. However, make sure that you purchase CBD products from a reputable company or store to get high-quality products.

Therapy

There are several types of therapy that can help reduce or control anxiety and the sessions can be done in a group or individually. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) aims to identify and understand the behavioural and thinking patterns of an individual and change them gradually to reduce their anxiety. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) focuses on overcoming anxiety by deploying strategies such as mindfulness and acceptance.

Coping Strategies

Sometimes all we need to reduce anxiety is to have a good night’s sleep. Sleeping is one of the coping strategies used to battle anxiety. You may try relaxation techniques such as yoga, deep breathing, belly breathing, massage, and meditation to get rid of anxious thoughts. Other types of coping strategies include having a healthy diet, having emotional support from trusted people, setting achievable goals, and many more.

Anxiety can turn someone’s life into hell if it isn’t controlled. Trying these tips may help to prevent negative thoughts and relieve anxiety considerably. However, if you tried one way and it didn’t work with you, don’t give up as there are several other methods that may have a positive effect on you.

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Health benefits of drinking more water

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Drinking more water

About 60% of our bodies are made of water. But, still, you-re required to drink enough water every day. Why? Because water is responsible for several functions including, regulating your body temperature, preventing dehydration, facilitates the excretion of wastes from your body, and enables your brain function. 

Of course, there are more health benefits of water to your life. But before that:

How much water should you take per day? 

Water is an essential element of your life. In fact, almost every function of your body needs or uses water, from your muscles and joints movements to the brain and tissue cushioning. So, you’re either losing water while breathing, through urine, perspiration, or through general body movements. 

Therefore, if you need your body to function well, you must ensure you replenish the amount of water loses or used. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), men should take up to 3.7 litres (125 ounces). In comparison, women should consume about 2.7 litres (91 ounces). But of course, you can take more or less than the indicated amounts depending on different factors. 

What determines the amount of water you take? 

The amount of water and other fluids you take per day significantly depend on:

Exercise– when you participate in specific activities, you’ll have to drink a lot of water. For instance, during exercising, your body removes wastes through sweats. And to cover or replace the amount of water lost. So, it’s essential to take more water before, during, and after exercising or workout. 

Whether or environment– humid or hot environment would make you sweat and in the process lose water. Also, there is a high chance of dehydration at high altitudes. So it would help if you consumed a lot of water during the hot conditions or summer. 

Your overall health– studies have confirmed that your body loses a lot of fluid or water while you’re sick. For instance, vomiting and diarrhea increase your chances of water loss or if you have conditions like urinary tract stones and bladder infections, among others. 

Pregnancy and breastfeeding– Suppose you are asking why water requirement increases during pregnancy or when lactating. In that case, here is what you need to know: during pregnancy, the water in your body is used to create of produce amniotic fluid. 

Again, physical pregnancy changes or symptoms like vomiting and nausea increase the demand for more water. Also, you experience higher glomerular filtration and blood volume while you lose more water through respiration and sweating. All these demands that you stay hydrated, which calls for you to take more water or foods containing water. 

On the other hand, breast milk contains 90% of water. Meaning while you breastfeed your little one, you lose a lot of water. So, you should take more water to replace the ones lost through the milk. 

Importance of drinking enough water

Water helps;

Regulate body temperature

Your body loses a lot of water through urination and sweat, especially during hot weather or when you engage in physical activities. Such factors would cause your body temperature to rise. However, drinking more water ensures you manage your temperature while preventing dehydration. 

Maximize your physical performances

Studies have confirmed that dehydration can reduce your level of exercise, lowering your physiological and sport capabilities like strength/power and endurance. And you’ll probably take less time exercising as compared to when you take more water.   

Treats and prevents headaches

Headache is a common sign of dehydration. And since taking adequate water has been proved to reduce dehydration, it thus means that you chance of experiencing migraines and frequent headaches if you consume more water.  

Aids digestion process

First, water helps in forming mucus and saliva, which help break down and digest different foods. Also, they help moisten food, thus reduce the friction for easy swallowing. 

Experts have also confirmed that drinking more water helps get the food out of your body. In other words, it facilitates the excretion of waste in the form of feces and urine. Even better, water ensures a clean mouth and can also prevent and reduce tooth decay.

Promote weight loss

Drinking more water would increase satiety and boost your metabolic rate, thus increasing the number of calories in your body. This would, in turn, help you lose weight. 

Also enough water:

  • Helps prevent constipation
  • Transport different nutrients throughout your body
  • It helps fight off diseases like kidney stones, urinary tract infection, and hypertension

So, what can you do to take more water?

Tips to help you drink more water

Since your body is entirely dependent on water, you should:

  • Have reusable water bottles so that you can refill them whenever you feel thirsty
  • You can as well serve water during every meal
  • Consider choosing water over other drinks like soda
  • Serve or eat more foods: fruits and vegetables that contain more water like watermelon, cabbage, and lettuce, among others.

Conclusions

Water is a significant factor in your health. It would help if you had it for your physical performance, brain function and reduce dehydration, fever, and headaches. Also, you need water to facilitate your digestion, relieve constipation, and help flush out wastes, among other crucial benefits.  

 

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