Health

The 6 Most Important Types of Doctors

Doctors and medical professionals are important in restoring your body’s health. They are equipped with the proper knowledge and skills to properly diagnose the cause of your health problems and provide the proper treatment. Oftentimes, the first medical professional you see when you experience any health issue is a general practitioner, which is your family physician.

However, not all doctors are the same as most of them are trained in a specific area of medicine to be able to address more complex health problems that general practitioners may not be able to do. In this case, your family physician may refer you to a specialist as necessary. This is where doctors with expertise in certain fields of medicine come in and below are some of the most important types of doctors that you should know about.

1. Internists

Internists are physicians specializing in internal medicine. More often than not, they are able to shed light and diagnose some of the most puzzling medical problems, as well as those related to heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and other chronic diseases which are common in adults. It is best to see an internist if you are suffering from a number of health problems that may require more than one medication.

2. Surgeons

A surgeon is a doctor who diagnoses a patient, treats his conditions by performing surgery, and cares for the patient after the operation. Before they operate on you, they are most likely to check on your heart and lung condition, as well as any bleeding disorders and your previous surgical history. The surgery can be invasive, minimally invasive, or a non-invasive method. There are surgeons who practice general surgery, and there are also those who opt to specialize in a particular area like neurological surgery, thoracic surgery, or vascular surgery to name a few. They often work hand in hand with anesthesiologists who administer anesthetics and sedation during surgical procedures.

3. Oncologists

Oncologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating people suffering from cancer. Different oncologists treat cancer in various ways. For instance, there are medical oncologists who treat cancer using chemotherapy, while there are also radiation oncologists who use high-energy photon beams to target and destroy cancer cells. There are medical experts in each type of cancer, but it can prove to be difficult to locate them, particularly those who are knowledgeable about rare cancer conditions. Fortunately, there are online platforms that will be able to connect you with an oncologist who will be able to offer advice for your specific condition.

4. Obstetricians and Gynecologists

A medical professional who specializes in the female reproductive system is referred to as a gynecologist. When they also have the proper training in obstetrics or the field of medicine dealing with child conception and birth, then they are referred to as an obstetrician-gynecologist or OB-GYN. They can perform surgery such as delivering a baby through a cesarean section or remove ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids. They also perform routine procedures such as pap smears or fertility treatments.

5. Pediatricians

A pediatrician is a health professional who specializes in the treatment of the ailments of babies, children, and adolescents, which encompasses their physical, behavior, and mental health issues. While they practice preventive medicine, they also diagnose common childhood diseases, such as asthma or allergies to name a few. There are pediatricians who have specializations in the field of cardiology, hematology, infectious diseases, pulmonology, as well as emergency medicine among others. In looking for a pediatrician, parents and guardians often consider their office hours, the hospital they are affiliated with, as well as how they will be able to reach the doctor in case of emergency in the wee hours.

6. Psychiatrists

Not many people are open to seeing a psychiatrist who is a medical professional specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Not to be confused with psychologists who treat the emotional and mental suffering of their patients through behavioral intervention, psychiatrists are trained medical doctors who can prescribe medications. When you are suffering from severe symptoms of anxiety, such as losing your appetite, having a hard time sleeping, or finding it extremely difficult to function, then it is best to consult with a psychiatrist.

Internists and surgeons, as well as oncologists, are only some of the most important types of doctors in the medical field. Obstetricians and gynecologists, as well as pediatricians and psychiatrists also prove to be invaluable experts. But regardless of their specialization or expertise in the field of medicine, a doctor’s ultimate objective, in the end, is to be able to help their patients heal and restore their body’s full health.

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